PREDICTORS OF HEMORRHAGIC AND THROMBOTIC COMPLICATIONS OF HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY SYNDROME

  • E. M. Klimova
  • Yu. V. Kalashnikova
  • T. I. Kordon
  • E. V. Lavinskaya
  • A. N. Agarkova
  • R. R. Osmanov
  • O. V. Ryabinskaya
Keywords: hepatosplenomegaly, blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, antithrombin, protein C, complement.

Abstract

Summary. Goal. Investigation of the interactions of coagulation, anticoagulant and fibrinolytic systems with factors of immunoresistance in hepatosplenomegaly syndrome (SHSM).

Materials and methods. Materials — сells and blood serum of 58 patients with SHSM against the background of liver cirrhosis complicated by portal hypertension, with the etiological factor — HCV / HBV virus infection (group I, 22 people) and the etiological factor — CMV / VEB virus infection (group II, 36 people), who were admitted to the hospital for bleeding from esophageal varicose veins. Methods - photometric on a biochemical analyzer Stat Fax 1904 Plus (USA). (C3 and C4 components of complement, antithrombin III and plasminogen, concentration of circulating immune complexes (CIC), determination of the coagulation time of venous blood Lee-White, calculation of the prothrombin index, fibrinogen content by the Rutberg gravimetric method. Protein C activity (PrS) by the clotting method on a coagulometer K 3002 Spectramed (Poland). Peripheral blood platelet counts were performed using immersion microscopy according to the Fonio method.

Results. Multidirectional changes in the functions of the hemostasis system were revealed: a decrease in antithrombin III activity, protein C content, fibrinogen concentration, a decrease in plasminogen activity, a decrease in platelet counts, an increase in platelet antibodies, an increase in the concentration of the C3 component and a decrease in the C4 component of complement.

Conclusions. Hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications of HCV, life-threatening and affecting the tactics and results of surgical and minimally invasive treatment, can occur both in the HCV group on the background of HBV/HCV viral hepatitis, and in the HCV group on the background of herpes virus CMV/VEB infection, but in group I both hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications were dominated by plasma risk factors for and in group II - platelet and immunological (complement component C3) risk factors for hemorrhagic complications, plasma factors of thrombotic complications.

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Published
2020-02-20
How to Cite
Klimova, E. M., Kalashnikova, Y. V., Kordon, T. I., Lavinskaya, E. V., Agarkova, A. N., Osmanov, R. R., & Ryabinskaya, O. V. (2020). PREDICTORS OF HEMORRHAGIC AND THROMBOTIC COMPLICATIONS OF HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY SYNDROME. Kharkiv Surgical School, (1), 148-154. https://doi.org/10.37699/2308-7005.1.2020.25
Section
QUESTIONS OF PHLEBOLOGY

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