EXPERIENCE OF STAGED SURGICAL TREATMENT OF ACUTE OBSTRUCTIVE INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION OF TUMOR ORIGIN
Summary. Objective: to improve the results of surgical treatment of patients with acute intestinal obstruction of tumor origin.
Materials and methods of research. During the period from 2014 to 2020 in the surgical clinics of the Military Medical Clinical Center of the Southern Region (Odessa) 186 patients were treated with acute obstructive colonic obstruction of tumor origin.
Research results and their discussion. In 34 (18.3 %) patients with GOKN during the applied conservative measures positive dynamics was observed, which allowed to examine patients in detail and prepare for surgery. In 6 (3.2 %) elderly patients with severe comorbidities, tumor recanalization and stent placement were performed. In 146 (78.5 %) patients, conservative measures were unsuccessful and were operated on according to vital signs, the first stage of which was intestinal fatigue.
Conclusions. Step-by-step tactics of surgical treatment of acute intestinal obstruction of tumor origin with the use of laparoscopic colostomy in the first stage were used in 60.3 % of patients, which allowed final verification of the diagnosis, safe compensation of electrolyte and nutritional disorders in the patient and further treatment and correction.
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