STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF CLINICAL AND LABORATORY AND INSTRUMENTAL DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF ACUTE PANCREATITIS
Summary. The purpose of the study: to analyze the causes of development, terms of hospitalization, the frequency of severe type, complications and overall mortality in acute pancreatitis according to the clinic data.
Materials and methods: the results of treatment of 622 patients with acute pancreatitis were analyzed. Among them there were 336 women (54.1 %) and 286 men (45.9 %). The mean age of patients was (48.2 ± 2.2) years. The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was made according to the recommendations (Atlanta, 2012). All patients with acute pancreatitis underwent ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity and computed tomography, enhanced by intravenous contrast.
Results and discussion: Etiological factors of acute pancreatitis were: biliary factor in 270 (43.4 %) patients, alcohol — in 155 (24.9 %), acute pancreatitis on the background of triglyceridemia — in 135 patients (21.7 %), 21 (3.4 %) patients had postoperative pancreatitis, medication — in 8 (1.3 %) patients and without a clear etiology — in 33 (5.3 %) patients. The terms of hospitalization of patients are as follows: after 24–48 hours from the onset of the disease — 215 (34.6 %) cases, after 6–24 hours after the onset of the disease — 204 (32.8 %) cases, after 48 hours and later from the time of the disease — 129 (20.7 %) cases and 74 (11.9 %) cases of hospitalization up to 6 hours from the onset of the disease. Severe acute pancreatitis developed in 147 (23.6 %) patients and was accompanied by the development of organ failure lasting > 48 hours. 594 (95.4 %) patients with acute pancreatitis received only conservative infusion therapy. 28 (4.5 %) patients required surgical treatment. The overall mortality in patients with acute pancreatitis was 9 (1.4 %) cases.
Conclusions: Hyperdiagnosis of acute pancreatitis is a common problem in modern surgery. Formulation of the diagnosis according to the unified diagnostic criteria considerably facilitated diagnosis. The dominant factors of acute pancreatitis are biliary (43.4 %) and alcoholic factors (24.9 %). Most often (34.6 %) patients were admitted to the department on the second day after the onset of the disease. Remains high level of severe acute pancreatitis, which amounted to 23.6 % of cases. 594 (95.4 %) patients with acute pancreatitis received infusion therapy. 28 (4.5 %) patients underwent surgical treatment. The total mortality in acute pancreatitis according to our clinic was 9 (1.4 %) cases, the majority of them (7 patients) died in the early period of acute pancreatitis.
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