CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN THE LAMINA CRIBROSA IN THE DEPENDENCE OF VISUAL FUNCTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH MYOPY OF DIFFERENT LEVEL
Summary. Myopia is one of the most common visual disorders affecting both children and adults. A high degree of myopia further increases the chance of developing irreversible visual impairment due to pathologic changes in the retina, decrease in the capacity for work and significantly impairs the quality of life.
The purpose was to study correlation connection between changes in morphological structures of lamina cribrosa and functional indicators of visual functions in patients with low, moderate and high stage of myopia using optical coherence tomography. Materials and methods. Clinical and diagnostic examination was performed on 120 patients, 204 eyes. Among all the persons who were examined, there were 120 patients (204 eyes), of whom 64 were women [(53.33 ± 6.44)%] and 56 were men [(46.67 ± 6.44)%]. The control group consisted of 20 practically healthy volunteers (38 eyes), of which 11 women and 9 men were matched by gender and age.
Results. The data obtained strong correlative connection between morphological changes in lamina cribrosa and visual field, refraction, axial length of the eye.
Conclusions. Optical coherence tomography can helps diagnose morphological changes of lamina cribrosa in early stages and to provides in-time preventive methods to slow down myopia progression That affects functional and visual changes of eye analizator.
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