COMPARISON OF TREATMENT OF INTRAABDOMINAL POST-OPERATIVE ABSCESSES WITH THE LAPAROTOMIC AND MINI-INVASIVE INVASIVE ACCESS
Summary. The aim of the work was to compare the results of surgical treatment of patients for postoperative abdominal abscesses using different tactics.
Materials and methods. The study included data from 63 patients with postoperative abdominal abscesses. Laparotomy access and use of percutaneous puncture / drainage were compared. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare hospitalization duration.
Results. Laparotomic access was performed according to classical methods. After the application of general anesthesia and treatment of the surgical field was performed opening the anterior abdominal wall. The abscess was opened and the contents were aspirated, after treatment of the cavity site with aqueous solutions of antiseptics, the wound was closed and the drainage system was established. Further stages of treatment of intra-abdominal abscess after routine surgery were: aspiration of abscess in the postoperative period through established drainage; diagnostic control of abscess resolution; effective antimicrobial and detoxification therapy. Percutaneous puncture / abscess drainage was performed under ultrasound control using special puncture needles of size F8 - F12. The needle or drainage stlet-catheter was inserted into the abscess cavity, followed by aspiration of the abscess contents and leaving the drainage system. Kaplan-Maier has reduced hospitalizations in patients who have used mini-invasive technologies.
Conclusions. Treatment of postoperative abdominal abscesses involves a surgical approach. Patients with postoperative abscesses who underwent laparotomy access were likely to have an increased total hospitalization duration of 5 days compared with the use of mini-invasive technologies.
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