INDICATIONS TO SURGICAL TREATMENT OF ATHEROSCLEROTIC IMPACT OF THE CAROTID ARTERIES

  • I. S. Puliayeva
Keywords: carotid stenosis, diagnosis of ischemic stroke.

Abstract

Summary. Goal. To analyze the indications for surgical treatment of symptomatic and asymptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery.

Materials and methods. The well-known tactics of performing carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients still need to be divided into groups with symptomatic and asymptomatic ICA stenosis, depending on the clinical course of the disease and the risk of developing stroke. Of the 140 patients enrolled in the study, 60 patients formed patients with symptomatic ICA lesions, namely: a) 50 patients with symptomatic ICA stenosis; b) 10 patients with visual impairment and ICA stenosis. Of 80 asymptomatic patients with verified atherosclerotic lesions of the carotid arteries without manifestations of acute ischemic cerebral circulation during the last 6 months, of which.

Discussion and results. Patients with symptomatic ICA lesions are the most at-risk group for the development of recurrent stroke, they require comprehensive treatment depending on the size of the lesion and the risk of hemorrhagic complication.

Conclusions. Patients with multifocal atherosclerosis should be screened for carotid artery screening to reduce the risk of ischemic stroke in the postoperative period. Patients with ischemic stroke should perform an MRI to confirm the focus of the first stage, followed by ultrasound examination of the carotid arteries. In the case of carotid lesions, patients undergo carotid CT scans to establish indications for surgical treatment.

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Published
2020-04-20
How to Cite
Puliayeva, I. S. (2020). INDICATIONS TO SURGICAL TREATMENT OF ATHEROSCLEROTIC IMPACT OF THE CAROTID ARTERIES. Kharkiv Surgical School, (2), 76-80. https://doi.org/10.37699/2308-7005.2.2020.15
Section
QUESTIONS OF HEART SURGERY AND MAIN VESSELS