DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES OF PSEUDOCYST WALL FORMATION AND INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY IN CHRONIC PANCREATITIS

  • O. M. Babii
  • B. F. Shevchenko
  • A. V. Tuzko
  • O. M. Tatarchuk
  • O. P. Petishko
Keywords: pancreatic pseudocyst, wall formation, inflammatory activity.

Abstract

Summary. Objective. To increase the efficiency of diagnostics in determining the wall formation of the pancreatic pseudocyst and the activity of the inflammatory process.

Materials and methods. A total of 99 patients were examined who underwent digestive tract surgery from 2006 to 2019 with pseudocyst that developed on the background of acute and chronic pancreatitis.

There were 73 males (73.74 %), 26 females (26.26 %), 21 to 74 years of age (47.55–2.4 years). Based on the morphological data of the biopsy material, pancreatic pseudocyst (PC) wall formation and inflammatory activity in chronic pancreatitis, patients were divided into two representative groups: Group I (n = 41) — patients with formed wall of PC, group II (n=58) — patients with unformed PC wall. Morphology data were compared with the data of immunological parameters and radiation diagnostic methods.

Results. The TNF-α/IL-10 ratio was higher (p <0.05) in patients in group II than in group I. To differentiate the activity of inflammation, a threshold value of 1.4 was set (sensitivity — 86.7 %, specificity — 59.1 %). The IL-6/IL-10 ratio was higher (p <0.05) in group II patients, which also indicated an imbalance of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators and was characteristic of active inflammation. The threshold value of the ratio of IL-6/IL-10, above which patients were diagnosed with active inflammation in the PC wall — less than or equal to 1.1 (sensitivity — 91.7 %, specificity — 84.6 %). In group II patients, the level of PMN-elastase was higher (p<0.05) than in group I, which indicated the activity of inflammation. Threshold of fecal PMN-elastase, above which patients were diagnosed with active inflammation of PC wall less than or equal to 84 ng/ml (sensitivity — 90.9 %, specificity - 66.7 %). 3. According to ultrasound/MSCT, the wall thickness of PC in group I was (4.41±0.49)/(4.27±2.02) mm, in group II (2.50±0.52)/(2.75±1.44) mm, which is probably less than 1.7 times and 1.6 times (p <0.05) with the unformed PC wall. According to SWE, the threshold value of the average stiffness values ​​of the PC wall, above which it was diagnosed, was> 7.6 kPa (sensitivity — 80.0 %, specificity 78.9 %).

Conclusions. Indices of TNF-α/IL-10, IL-6/IL-10, PMN-elastase, ultrasound, MSCT, SWE have been determined, which allow to evaluate the formation of PC wall and the activity of the inflammatory process.

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Published
2020-04-20
How to Cite
Babii, O. M., Shevchenko, B. F., Tuzko, A. V., Tatarchuk, O. M., & Petishko, O. P. (2020). DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES OF PSEUDOCYST WALL FORMATION AND INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY IN CHRONIC PANCREATITIS. Kharkiv Surgical School, (2), 64-69. https://doi.org/10.37699/2308-7005.2.2020.13
Section
QUESTIONS OF SURGERY OF PANCREATOBILIARY SYSTEM