SPEAKING OF PREVENTION OF ACUTE PANCREATITIS AFTER ENDOSCOPIC CHOLANGIOPANCREATO-GRAPHY
Summary. Purpose. To study the manometric control of pressure in the pancreatic ducts when performing ERCP and to determine its capabilities in the early diagnosis of postmanipulative pancreatitis.
Materials and methods. The study was conducted to identify postmanipulative pancreatitis in 122 patients with impaired patency of the terminal part of the common bile duct who underwent ERCP. Patients were divided into two groups: the main – 58 patients and the comparison group – 64 patients. In 58 patients of the main group, the pressure in the pancreatic duct was studied by the device we developed. One makes it possible to register early signs of acute postmanipulative pancreatitis with conducting timely preventive measures for its development.
Results. Using the proposed device that records the pressure in the pancreatic ducts, acute postmanipulative pancreatitis was diagnosed in 6.9 % of patients in the main group, while in the comparison group it developed in 21.9 % of cases. Mild forms of APMP in the comparison group were noted in 11 patients and in 4 patients in the main group. Severe APMP caused by focal pancreatic necrosis occurred in three cases of the comparison group.
Conclusions. 1. ERCP is a highly effective method for diagnosing diseases of the pancreatobiliary zone, at the same time, sometimes fraught with the danger of developing serious complications, one of which is acute postmanipulative pancreatitis. 2. Monometric control during ERCP is a highly effective method for the diagnosis of early forms of acute postmanipulative pancreatitis, which can be recommended in the clinical practice of endoscopic surgeries.
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